Curriculum Types

Curriculum Types

Did you know?

While BrightStart focuses on Emergent Curriculum, there are many other curriculum and teaching approaches implemented by other childcare facilities. These include:

1. Play-Based approaches champion the philosophy that children “learn thru play” with little structure or formalized learning and is often found in smaller, home-based centers. BrightStart actively encourages meaningful play, as it is positive for children, but does not use this approach because there are too many lost opportunities for directed early learning.

2. Theme-Based curriculums are generally used to supplement a play-based approach. Theme packages may be purchased or assembled by teachers on a quarterly or annual basis, with no input from children and their current interests. Though this approach ensures that something is prepared each day, it does not take into consideration the unique interests of the class and children, which BrightStart emphasizes.

3. Montessori-based childcare centres follow the method developed by Maria Montessori in Italy, based on her research of special needs children. Children learn through activities that involve discovery, specialized manipulative materials, order, repetition, self-perfection and purposeful activity (work). BrightStart values structure within a program, but recognizes children learn at different rates and the use of manipulative materials complete with order and repetition can be too structured for some children.

4. Reggio is a curriculum developed in the Reggio Emilia area of Italy. This approach emphasizes open-ended art and creativity, especially with the natural environment. Open-ended projects are common and the process is encouraged rather than a specific end-goal. Like the Emergent Curriculum approach of BrightStart, Reggio’s open-ended method makes it exciting for children and teachers. However, open-ended projects are difficult to sustain when classes have part-time and full time students, like our BrightStart Classes.   Part-timers can feel left out and can miss out on some learning opportunities if other children are engaging in the project without them.